JAPAN ECO LEATHER
The Japan eco leather is defined as the leather which meets the Japan Eco Leather Standard (JES) and has low environmental impact all the product life cycle.
Japan Eco Leather is requires the following characteristics
・Leather made in a factory that legally handles its wastewater and solid waste
・Leather that excludes substances harmful to health, and environment
・Leather that meets certain standards for colour fastness in response to rubbing
Japan Eco Leather target the following leathers
Leather is defined as follows according to ISO/FDIS 1515: 2007 and BS 2780: 1983: hide or skin with its original fibrous structure more or less intact and tanned to be imputrescible. It is also made from a hide or skin that has been split into layers or segmented either before or after tanning. If the leather has a surface coating, the mean thickness of this surface layer, however applied, has to be 0.15 mm or less and cannot exceed 30% of the product’s total thickness. JES leathers are classified into three broad categories.
Leather shall be hide or skin as a byproduct of five main domestic animals (bovine, sheep, goat, pig, or horse). It must contain some original grain layer, such as grain leather, corrected grain leather, laminated leather, patent leather, embossed leather, nubuck, etc.
Some traditional leather, such as Himeji white leather and drumhead, are also placed into this category. The material leather used in the product shall be the hide or skin of the above five animals and shall be a byproduct of sacrificing the animal for its meat for food.
Leather shall be split hide or skin, either before or after tanning, derived from categories 1 and 3. Leather that has been finished conventionally, laminated with a polyurethane sheet, suede, etc. are classified in this category.
Leather shall be hide or skin derived from wild or domestic animal not classified as category 1. However, a proper transaction certificate from the relevant management authority is required.
1) Leather derived from any species listed under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), which requires a CITES certificate, such as crocodile, lizard, snake, etc.
2) Leather derived from wild animals that are overpopulated in a specific area and that require a certificate, such as kangaroo, deer, etc.
3) Leather derived from any other species
JES criteria for testing
Necessary documents for application
The documents necessary for application:
1) JES application form
2) Leather structure certificate (only for unidentified material)
3) Raw materials supply certificate
4) List of chemicals used to make the leather and their MSDS
5) Results of JES testing by an independent organization
6) Declaratory document
Reasonable processing of wastewater and solid waste according to governmental law
No dyes meeting the criteria for classification as carcinogenic Quality assurance of leather
The applicant submits all the documents to the Japan Leather and Leather Goods Industries Association (JLIA). Certification occurs according to the following procedure:
1) A review of the documents and application forms in the office
2) Examination by a neutral organization
3) Certification by the JLIA
The JES was established in 2006 by the Japanese Association of Leather Technology (JALT). The JES certification was developed and managed by the JLIA in August 2009. The JLIA has certified 137 kinds of leather and 63 kinds of leather goods since then.